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Census 2020

2020 is the year of the CENSUS.  Here’s what you should know…

(Please scroll to the bottom of this page for links to many more resources)


The Census is a constitutionally mandated count of every person living in the U.S. that occurs every ten years.  The intent is to count people once, only once, and in the right place.


Why is it Important?

Census information is used for the following purposes:

  • Ensure fair representation: reapportion the House of Representatives (435 seats)*
  • Draw/redraw the boundaries of congressional and state legislative districts and voting precincts
  • Determine how more than $675B of federal dollars are distributed each year (state, county and community programs)**
  • Inform planning decisions of federal, state and local government (public safety, schools, libraries, roads, health care, housing, veterans, etc.).



The Census Questionnaire…

This year, people will receive an Invitation to Respond – not a paper Census questionnaire.

For households that receive mail to their home, the Invitation will be sent to their mail box, just like they receive their daily mail.  However, those without street style address - like much of Eagle County - will receive their Invitation to Respond when a census taker hand delivers it in person.

The Census WILL NOT be delivered to any post office box.




Four Ways to Respond…

  • Online: anywhere, anytime (most economic both for you and for the taxpayers)
  • By Phone: this is a good alternative, especially for anyone with questions about the questionnaire, or specific questions about their situation
  • Paper: Fill out a paper form and mail it in
  • In-Person: Census takers will also visit residences as a final attempt to gather information


Who Should Participate?

Everyone should participate!

One CENSUS complete per household – count everyone living there as of April 1, 2020, including everyone who is living and sleeping there most of the time (i.e., 6 months plus 1 day).

If someone has no usual home elsewhere, they should be counted where ever they are on April 1st.


Other Considerations…

Your information is kept confidential.

The questionnaire does not ask for your Social Security #, bank account information or financial assets.

The Census Bureau will not initiate communication via email or text.


Additional Facts, Figures and Resources…

The first U.S. Census occurred in 1790 – 3,929,214 people were counted.

* Since 1913, there have been 435 voting seats in the U.S. House of Representatives which are allocated based on the population distribution throughout the country identified during each census.  Every person living in America should be fairly represented and have a say in who represents them in government and how their taxes are used.  State House and Senate districts, as well as county commissioner districts, rely on Census counts to ensure fair and equal representation.

** In total, the State of Colorado receives $13.1 billion (~$2,300/person) in federal funds per year.  Uncounted people equals unavailable funding.  Furthermore, Accurate Census data assists local governments in understanding demographic, economic, and geographic trends needed to inform critical business decisions impacting local economies, governmental revenue, and resident demand for schools, programs, and services.

Participating in the Census is your civic responsibility!


A History of Vail’s Resident Count:

  • 1970: 484 (Vail’s first official census)
  • 1980: 2,261 (467% growth)
  • 1990: 3,659 (162% growth)
  • 2000: 4,531 (124% growth)
  • 2010: 5,305 (117% growth)



Please visit the Vail Public Library for in-person assistance, or access to computer terminals and internet.  The Vail Public Library will be open from 7am to 10pm on Census Day - April 1st.